From farm labourer to US company CEO

Jyothi Reddy went from being a farm labourer in Andhra Pradesh to owning a recruiting firm in the US with a turnover of $5 million. Kavitha Shanmugamtraces her incredible journey

NOTHING SUCCEEDS LIKE SUCCESS: Jyothi Reddy now and (below) then

Sometime in the 1980s, a young woman labourer was toiling in the fields under a harsh, southern sun for Rs 5 an hour. Seated on her haunches, she lifted her head towards the sky as an aeroplane flew past. She wanted to be on the flight…

In 2012, she is the president-founder of recruiting firm Keys Software Services, which boasts of a $5 million turnover. The company in Phoenix, Arizona, sponsors H1 visas and supplies manpower to companies.

 Her rags to riches story is the stuff of the great American dream. But Anil Jyothi Reddy’s journey from an orphanage to the top of the world has been an arduous one.

Crushed by poverty after her father lost his job as a teacher, her parents decided to keep their son at home and leave their two daughters in an orphanage. Jyothi’s sister ran back to her parents. But young Jyothi — then barely nine — carried on.

“When I lived with orphans I knew the pain of life,” Jyothi, 42, says in a telephonic conversation from the US. It was a hard life, sleeping on floors without blankets and eating meagre meals. “I wanted someone to hold me, share my feelings when I did well at school or felt sad. Those hard feelings stayed with me. I needed my mother when I was in pain. The worst part was I had to pretend she was dead.”

Jyothi’s story is one of determination — her unhappy childhood incessantly pushing her towards seeking a better life. “These girls (from the orphanage) are hungry for love and are filled with a desire for a better life,” says Vimla Radharami, a former matron at one of the four Bala Sadan orphanages run by the Andhra Pradesh government in Warangal.

Jyothi is now the owner of a million-dollar company, has customised homes in the US and India, owns a Toyota Camry (an earlier car was a BMW) and has “enough” jewellery.

“Her years at the orphanage taught her how to grasp reality. She always hunted for a way to make life better. The zone of discomfort is the zone of learning,” reasons Uday Kumar, a Visakhapattanam-based motivational speaker and co-author of No Condition Is Permanent, a book on Jyothi’s life.

Jyothi attended a government school while at the Bala Sadan orphanage. She also took a vocational course while residing in the orphanage superintendent’s house and helping out with their housework. It was here she realised the power of a good job for a woman. But the dream at that age seemed distant, especially after her parents married her off when she was 16 to her jobless cousin.

After the birth of her two children, she became an agricultural labourer, working at her father-in-law’s fields and in other fields. In Mailaram village, agricultural workers still remember her as friendly, keen to learn work, but often bemoaning her fate. “She used to walk around with an umbrella,” recalls one labourer with a laugh.

What came to her aid was a central government scheme, the Nehru Yuva Kendra (NYK), which sought to create awareness among the young. She became an NYK volunteer and later started teaching.

“Jyothi was hardworking and developed leadership qualities here,” says Mandala Parashu Ramulu, a former NYK colleague who now runs a non-government organisation. “We would encourage villagers to pool in money to build a bus shelter, for example,” he adds.

She worked during the day and stitched petticoats at night to earn more. She learnt typing and studied for a postgraduate degree from the Dr B.R. Ambedkar Open University on weekends, after obtaining a BA from Kakatiya Open University at Warangal. In 1992, she bagged a special teacher’s job, earning Rs 398 a month.

She had to travel two hours to reach her school, but Jyothi made the most of it by selling saris. “I convinced my sister’s landlord to give me 10 saris and I got a profit of Rs 10 from each sari I sold,” she says. “There were women on that train gossiping or reading books but I did not waste time. I had to support my children and I needed money.”

Her job as a teacher was regularised and she was appointed a “girl development officer”. Her salary shot up to Rs 18,000 — but Jyothi wanted more for her daughters and herself.

The visit of a relative from the US prompted her to try her luck in the West. She studied computers, got an American visa, took long leave from her government job, placed her two daughters in a Christian missionary hostel — and left for the US in 2000. The daughters joined her later and are now married. Her husband lives in Hyderabad and occasionally visits them.

Jyothi started by working in gas stations and cleaning bathrooms in motels. She babysat and loaded and unloaded goods, and finally landed herself a job in a New Jersey cassette shop on a $420 salary.

One day an Indian visiting the shop offered her a job in his brother’s recruiting firm in South Carolina for $1,000 a month with free accommodation. Jyothi moved on.

“It was a crucial time for me. I had to deal with Americans but did not know English very well,” she recounts.

Jyothi often turned to the Bible for help. “I picked up key sentences from the Bible and repeated them. I’m a crazy learner, I love learning new things. I believe God will save you if you work hard,” she says simply. “That is the positive point about America. They don’t look down on you; I love working in America.”

She excelled in her work, picking up the trade. But a few ensuing hurdles — a company offered her a job and then backtracked, forcing her to go back to babysitting and gas station work — prompted her to start her own business.

The idea hit her when she went to Mexico to get her visa stamped: “I knew the ins and outs of the paperwork involved in getting the HI visa stamped.” With her savings of $40,000, she opened an office in Phoenix in 2001. “My first placement was a Gujarati boy — I fixed him in an IT firm. And I was on a roll,” she says happily.

The only dissenting note comes from her surviving parent — her mother. Recovering from a lung infection in a Warangal hospital, Swaraspathi Reddy is unwilling to accept her daughter’s tale of battling overwhelming odds. “We also helped her but she does not admit that,” she maintains.

Defensive about abandoning her, she says: “Our condition was very bad then. I too suffered, leaving my daughter behind and would cry for her. But I never let my sons work or suffer even for a day.”

And therein hangs the tale.

An inspirational, but a true story from a farmer woman, who grew on to become an entrepreneur in US.

Source: http://www.telegraphindia.com

Advertisements

Income tax Exemption limit proposed to be raised to Rs. 3 lakh

The Standing Committee on Finance on the DTC bill, headed by former finance minister Yashwant Sinha, has recommended raising the income tax exemption limit to Rs.3 lakh a year and the investment limit for tax saving schemes to Rs.3.20 lakh.

With regard to investment limit for tax saving is concerned, the committee has recommended that the proposal in the DTC for long term investments such as pension/provident funds may be raised to Rs.1.5 lakh from Rs. 1 lakh. The deduction in respect of premium on life insurance, tuition fees paid for children education, etc which are coming under a separate Rs.50,000 limit as per DTC bill has been proposed to be fixed with the maximum limit of Rs.1 lakh.

In addition to these deductions, the committee has also proposed a new deduction limit of Rs.50,000 for Higher eduction expenses. So the total deduction/savings limit, apart from interest deduction on home loan has been proposed to be fixed at Rs.3.2 lakh.

The Committee has also proposed that a 10 percent tax be levied on income between Rs.3-10 lakh, 20 percent between Rs.10-20 lakh and 30 percent on income over Rs.20 lakh.

The committee which was appointed to study the the Direct Tax Code proposals, submitted these recommendations to Lok Sabha Speaker Smt Meira Kumar last week.

The Direct Tax Code bill, if passed by Parliament this year, will replace the existing Income Tax Act.

As per the news reported in leading news papers, before enactment of Direct Tax code Government may change the Income Tax structure in the lines of these recommendations in this year Budget itself , which is to be submitted by Finance Minister on 16th March 2012.

Source: The Economic Times

Revision of PPOs of pre-2006 family pensioners

Revision of PPOs of pre-2006 family pensioners.

Shri C.V. Subramaniam-retired Director in the Deptt of IT, GOI

My Career – an Autobiographical Account

    My Career – an Autobiographical Account.

    “This article is a part of the book “74 Not Out and some cheeky singles” written by Shri C.V. Subramaniam. He retired as Director in the Department of Information Technology, GOI and has held several important positions in the Government including the Science Advisory Council to Prime Minister. He has published 70 plus articles in various leading news papers and has published a book on Human Resource Management.”

Modified Parity as per 6cpc improved Pension benefits – Says Minister

Modified Parity as per 6cpc improved Pension benefits – Says Minister.

PENSION INFORMATION/ ORDERS n INSTRUCTIONS

Authorization of Pvt Ltd Banks for Disbursement of Pension to Defence Pensioner
In pursuance of Reserve Bank of India’s decision on the subject, the following private Sector Banks have been authorised for disbursement of disbursement of pension to Defence pensioners:-

(a) HDFC Bank Ltd
(b) UTI Bank Ltd
(c) IDBI Bank Ltd
(d) ICICI Bank Ltd
Exemption of Income Tax on iberalised Family Pension
A case was initiated by PS Dte for exemption of income tax on Liberalised Family Pension in the year 2002. After concerned efforts a Gazette Notification has been issued wef 09 Feb 2005 for exemption of Liberalised Family Pension from the income for purposes of exemption of income tax if death of the member of armed forces (including Para Military Forces) has occurred under following circumstances in the course of the military operation and duties.

(a) Acts if violence or kidnapping or attacks by terrorists or anti-social elements
(b) Action against extremists or anti-social elements
(c) Enemy action in international war
(d) Action during deployment with a peace keeping mission abroad
(e) Border skirmishes
(f) Laying or clearance of mines including enemy mines as also mine sweepingoperation
(g) Explosions of mines while laying operationally oriented mine-fields or lifting ornegotiation of mine-field laid by the enemy or own forces in operational areas nearinternational borders or the line of control
(h) In the aid of civil power in dealing with natural calamities and rescue operations
(j) In the aid of civil power in quelling agitation or riots or revolts by demonstrators
NRI Pension- Not to be Stopped on Change of Nationality
A large number of representations were being received from Ex-servicemen Association/ NRIs regarding stoppage of pension of Ex-Servicemen on their acquiring foreign nationality. However, in case of civil pensioners change in citizenship by any NRI pensioners did not affect their entitlement. A case was taken up with the office of PCDA(P), Allahabad and office of CGDA, New Delhi in 2003 for bringing the Armed Forces pensioner at par with civilian pensioners. Govt letter has been issued providing that even in the case of Armed Forces Pensioners the entitlement of pension will remain unaffected on the change of nationality and pension will continue to be paid by his/her pension disbursing agency. However, the pensioner should intimate the change of nationality as per the provision to the Pension Disbursing Agency as well as to the PCDA (Pension), Allahabad for updation of their records.

Two Family Pensions
The re-employed Army Personnel have been made eligible for two family pensions i.e. one from army and the other from civil side if re-employed in organizations covered under Employees Pension Scheme 1995 and Family Pension Scheme 1971.

Grant of Liberalised Family Pension to Widows Who Remarried Before 01 Jan 1996
The widows who remarried after 01 Jan 1996 were allowed to retain their Liberalised family Pension/Special Family Pension while widows who remarried before 01 Jan 1996 were left out. This has been creating great injustice to pre 1996 widows. A case was taken with MoD for extending these benefits to pre 1996 cases also. MoD has issued orders vide their letter No 1(1)/2001/D(Pen-C) dated 24 Jun 2005 granting Liberalised Family Pension benefits to pre-1996 cases wef 24 Jun 2005. This will greatly benefit the widows who remarried before 01 Jan 1996.

Exemption of TDS From Pension
Income Tax was hitherto deducted at source from family pensioners by the Pensions Disbursing Agency. Min of Fin (CBDT) has now clarified that family pension does not fall under the category of salary, therefore, no tax is liable to be deducted at source.

Ex-Gratia Award Disability Cadets (Direct)
Rates of Ex-Gratia disability award to disabled cadets have been revised from Rs 600/-p.m. to Rs 2100/-p.m. wef 01 Aug 97 issued vide Govt of India, Min of Def letter No 1(6)/99/D(Pen-C) dated 15 Sep 2003.

Pensionary Benefits to Nk And Hav Granted Assured Career Progression (ACP)
Govt letter has been issued vide No. B/39022/AG/PS-5(Policy)/29/A/D(Pen/Sers)/06 dated 10 Jan 2006 stating that pension in respect of JCOs/OR granted Assured Career Progression (ACP) upgradation, will be calculated based on the maximum of the pay scale granted under ACP upgradation including 50% of the highest classification allowance, if any, of the rank held and group in which paid subject to the condition that the upgraded pay scale should be held continuously for 10 months preceding their discharge from service.
Grant of Family Pension For Life to Handicapped Children of Armed Forces Personnel
Govt letter No. PC MF-Air HQ/24229/283/-FPHC/PP&R-3(i)/582/A/D(Pen/Sers) dated 29 Nov 2005 issued has made the following provisions :-

(a) Medical officer of rank of Brig/above shall be competent to render the certificate required
(b) Gaurdian shall be nominated by the pensioner instead of a court of Law. In case no such nominationhas been made by pensioner in his life time the nomination shall be made by spouse of the deceasedpersonnel
(c) The name of handicapped child shall be indicated in the PPO to be issued for grant of Service Pension/Family Pension.

Merger of Dearness Relief on Disability Pension
Orders were issued vide Govt of India letter No. 42/2/2004-P&PW(G) dated 15 Mar 2004 for merger of Dearness Relief equal to 50% of basic pension/family pension wef 01 Apr 2004. According to these orders Dearness relief equal to 50% was to be merged with basic pension and remaining of DR was to be calculated on (Basic pay + 50 merged DR). However no specific instruction were issued for merger of DR on disability element on pension. A case was taken up by PS Dte with the Govt who have now issued orders vide 1(62)/2004/D(Pen-C) dated 02 Dec 2005 for merger of 50% DA/DR on disability pension to Armed Forces personnel/pensioners wef 01 Apr 2004. The merger of 50% DR with basic pay shall apply to both disability element and service element simultaneously.

Modified Parity and Increase in Weightage JCOs/OR
On implementation of V CPC recommendations modified parity at the min of pay scales was granted to officers/JCOs/OR FOR Pre 1996 retirees. Since the modified parity at minimum scale was not beneficial for JCOs/OR, case was taken up PS Dte with the Govt to grant modified parity at maximum of pay scale for JCOs/OR. Govt has now granted modified parity to pre-1996 retirees JCOs/OR at max of pay scale in which they have retired subject to have served for minimum 10 months in that rank.
Case was also taken by the PS Dte with the Govt to increase the weightage being given to JCOs/OR as the JCOs/OR were only given 05 years weightage irrespective of rank held. Due to this anomaly no JCOs/OR could meet the requirement of 33 years of qualifying service to get full entitlement of pension for past as well as future JCOs/OR retirees will be as under subject to maximum qualifying service of 30 years details of which have been tabulated earlier.
The above benefit would be applicable to Service Pension including Invalid Pension, Service element of disability pension and War Injury pension. The orders are effective from 01 Jan 2006 and no arrears are to be given. The above orders have been issued vide Govt of India, Min of Def letter No 14(3)/2004-D (Pen-Sers)/Vol III dated 01 Feb 2006.

Implementation of the Govt Orders Regarding Abolition of the Institution of Military Adviser (Pension)
Release Medical board before retirement /discharge is held in case of any disability at the time of such retirement /discharge. An individual found unfit for continuation in service on medical ground is brought before an invaliding Medical Board prior to invalidment. Disability pension claims of LMC personnel of the Armed Forces are decided on the basis of findings of Invaliding Medical Board/Release Medical Board. The Medical advisors (Pension) from the office of DG AFMS attached to PCDA(P), Allahabad in respect of JCOs/OR and DDG AFMS(Pen)/JD AFMS(Pen) in respect of officers, were empowered to alter the recommendations of Medical Boards. In a number of cases the recommendation of Medical Boards were being altered to the disadvantage of the individuals concerned. Consequently, the aggrieved personnel were taking recourse to appeals and litigation for redressal.
Based on the judgments of the Supreme Court of India and cases up with the MoD by the DGAFMS, a Govt letter dated 01 Sep 05, abolishing the institution of MA(P) was issued. However, certain provisions in the Govt letter came in the way of implementation of the orders.
Most of the amendments suggested by PS Dte have been incorporated by the Min of Def in the corrigendum No 1(2)/2002/D(Pen-c) dated 31 May 2006. Detailed letter to the environment incorporating the provision of the Govt letters / Corrigendum and laying down the procedure for adjudication of claims for disability pension/ special family pension has been issued by the Dte vide letter No B/40122/MA(P)/AG/PS-5 dated 20 Jul 06.

Eligibility of Unmarried Daughters of Armed Forces Personnel for Grant of Family Pension beyond 25 years of age
The Ministry of Defence vide their letter No. 1(3)2007/-D(Pen/Policy) dated 25 Oct 2007 have issued instructions regarding grant of family pension to unmarried daughters beyond the age of 25 years at par with widowed/divorced daughters subject to their income from all sources not exceeding Rs. 2550/-pm.

Central Government Pension and Family Pension-Uncommon Areas

These are certain uncommon areas in Central Government Pension and Family Pension Matters.

Child adopted even after retirement is entitled to get family pension

Q A retired employee due to demise of his wife and son legally adopted one of his grand sons after his retirement. He submitted the adoption deed to the Pension Sanctioning Authority with the request to add the name of his legally adopted son in the list of his family members so that he could receive family pension in case of his death. Whether the same is permissible as per law.

Also kindly clarify as to whether the children of post-retiral spouse born to the retired employee are eligible for family pension.

A The stipulation that adoption should be “before retirement” has been deleted vride Notification No.1(66) P & PW/89-E, dated 18-1-1993. Hence as per Rule 54 (14)(b)(ii) of CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972, son/daughter legally adopted after retirement and children of post-retiral spouse are eligible for the grant of family pension vide Rule 54 (14) of CCS(Pension) Rules and GIDs (18) to (20) thereunder in Swamy’s Pension Compilation.

No family pension to the parents, if the deceased employee had left behind a widow or a child.

Q Consequent of demise of one employee family pension to his widow was sanctioned. Later on, the widow of the deceased has got re-married with other person. As the widow of the deceased has no children, family pension was stopped from the date of re-marriage. Whether the mother/father of the deceased is entitled to family pension.

A As per Para 7.2 of the OM, dated 27-10-1997, parents are eligible for Family Pension only if the deceased employee had left behind neither a widow nor a child. Hence, in the case referred to by you, the parents are not entitled to Family Pension.

Pension cannot be stopped, even though pensioner acquires foreign citizenship

Q A retired Central Govt. Employee who is in receipt of pension emigrated to Canada with Non-Resident Indian status. He was getting his pension continuously when he was a NRI. But now he opts to take the citizenship of that country and as such it may be clarified whether he may continue to get his monthly pension as usual or will it be stopped after his acquiring citizenship of a foreign country.

A There is no provision in the Rules, viz., CCS(Pension) Rules, Central Treasury Rules for the stoppage of pension drawn by a Govt. pensioner on his acquiring the citizenship of a foreign country. As such the retireed employee will continue to get his monthly pension as usual even after his getting foreign citizenship.

Fresh application not required for payment of arrears of commutation due to revision of pension.

Q An employee after his reirement got all the retirement benefits including 1/3rd commuted value of pension. Subsequently he expired. After his demise pay commission recommendation was implemented and his pay was retrospectively revised. His wife who is a family pensioner received the arrears of pay, pension, gratuity, etc. But the arrears of the additional commuted value of pension which has become due based on the quantum of 1/3rd revised pension was not paid to her on the grounds that the concerned employee need to apply afresh for such payment. Since the employee had applied for 1/3rd commutation of pension while he was alive whether his origianl application would cover any revision which may become due subsequent to his death

A As per Rule 10 of CCS(Commutation of Pension) Rules, 1981, the said family pensioner is entitled to the difference between the commutation amount received by her husband for the original pension and the commutation amount admissible on the revised increased pension. For this purpose, no fresh application is necessary.

Courtesy: http://www.gconnect.in

Antony Asks States to open up more Avenues for Ex-Servicemen

Defence Minister Shri AK Antony has called for opening up more avenues for Ex-Servicemen. Presiding over the 29th Meeting of the Kendriya Sainik Board, the apex body of the Central Government and States/UTs for Ex-Servicemen Welfare (ESW), here today, Shri Antony said the nation cannot afford to waste this vast reservoir of disciplined workforce bearing skills in a wide range of trades.

“Sometime back I had written to Chief Ministers of all states to provide more avenues of employment for Ex-Servicemen. You must devise ways and means to open up more fields of economic activity where the rich and practical experience of Ex-Servicemen can best be utilized. I also urge all the State Governments to take steps to ensure that the provision for reservation in jobs for Ex-Servicemen provide tangible employment opportunities on the ground for Ex-Servicemen,” Shri Antony said.

Pointing out that about 50 to 60 thousand defence personnel either retire or are released from service every year, the Defence Minister said that most of them are in the productive age group.

“They possess hands-on work experience in about 300 trades and are a young, disciplined workforce that can be of immense benefit for the society and the nation. We cannot afford to waste such a young and vastly trained reservoir of wokforce,” Shri Antony said.

The Defence Minister also expressed concern on jobs earmarked for Ex-Servicemen lying vacant for long in the central and state governments.

“I wish to exhort all the Ministries and Departments under the Central Government to do their best to fill all the existing vacancies earmarked for Ex-Servicemen. Of late I find, instead of filling vacancies, they are rather taking away the (Ex-Servicemen) vacancies on one plea or the other,” Shri Antony said. “This must not be encouraged,” he remarked tersely.

Calling upon the public and private sector to provide maximum opportunities to the Ex-Servicemen, the Defence Minister observed that the benefits of reemployment were not percolating to the lowest ranks.

“The corporate and industrial sector has provided employment to several Ex-Servicemen. However, while most of these reemployed personnel are from the Officer level, it has come to our notice that there are not enough jobs for PBORs (Personnel Below Officer Rank). I am sure that the corporate and the private sector leaders will devote their energies to this aspect too,” Shri Antony said.

The Defence Minister announced that the Central Government has hiked its share of contribution to the functioning of Rajya and Zila Sainik Boards.

“…I strongly appeal to the Chief Ministers to extend their full cooperation by filling up vacant posts in Rajya Sainik Boards and Zila Sainik Boards. On its own part, Central Government has enhanced its contribution for office expenditure and salaries at Rajya and Zila Sainik Boards. The enhancement from the existing ratio of 50:50 to 75:25 in case of special category of states and 60:40 in cases of other states will be operational soon,” Shri Antony said.

Reiterating that the Government is committed to setting up another 199 polyclinics across the country and also in Nepal under the second phase of the Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS), as approved by the Union Cabinet, Shri Antony called upon the states to provide the land for purpose at the earliest.

“Money is not the problem; process of land acquisition and construction needs to be done. I have no doubt that the State Governments will provide all the necessary assistance in removing all obstacles and making these polyclinics functional at the very earliest,” Shri Antony said.

Addressing the gathering, the Minister of State for Defence Shri MM Pallam Raju announced that an IT-enabled Grievance Redressal Mechanism for the Ex-Servicemen is in the process of being set up that would make efforts to resolve their problems right up to the district level.

The Governor of Punjab, Shri Shivraj Patil, Chief Minister of Haryana, Shri Bhupinder Hooda and Chief Minister of Delhi, Smt. Shiela Dikshit, Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal PV Naik and Chief of Army Staff General VK Singh, besides several state ministers and top officials took part in the deliberations.
Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=72886

Previous Older Entries Next Newer Entries

Twitter Updates

Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

Blog Visitor Stats

  • 16,765 hits
%d bloggers like this: